Above is the correct way to set up the chess board. Make sure the bottom right-hand corner is always a white square. White Queen sits on a white square while the Black Queen sits on a dark square.
White always moves first and players alternate turns. You are only allowed to move one piece per turn except when castling.
King, Queen, Rook, Bishop, and Knight attack in the direction they move. A pawn attacks diagonally even though it moves forward. Above the Rook is attacking the pieces circled in Green.
The first time you move a pawn you may move one square or two squares forward. After you have moved a pawn it may only move one square forward. When a pawn attacks another piece it attacks diagonally one square.
The Rook may move side to side, forward or backward all the
way across the chess board.
The Bishops may only
move diagonally across the chess board. You begin the game with a light square bishop and a dark square bishop.
The Knight moves in the shape of an "L" over the chess board. This piece moves one square up and two squares over, or two squares down and one square over in any direction.
The Queen may move in any direction; side to side, forward, backward, or diagonally across the chess board.
The King may move
one square in any direction, side to side, forward, backward or diagonally. The King may never move to a square next to the opponent's King.
Move own pawn 2 spaces forward passing your opponents pawn. Your opponent then has the option to capture your pawn on the next move.
In the above example black just pushed a pawn 2 spaces forward past white's pawn line of attack. On White's next move it recaptures the pawn.
Move a pawn all the way across the chess board to the other side and you may promote it to either a Queen, Rook, Knight or Bishop.
In one move you may move your king 2 squares left or right and place one Rook on the opposite side of the King. Castling is only allowed if you haven’t moved your king or rook yet, you are not in check, and you do not move through check.
In the above example the white king just castled.
Check is when your piece is attacking your opponents King. In the above example the White Bishop has the Black King in Check.
Checkmate is when you put the King in Check and he cannot block, capture or escape. In the above example Black has checkmated the White King.
If a player has no legal moves to make then the game is ended resulting in a tied game. In the above image White is not in check and has no squares to move to so the game is a draw.